10 Hewan Pembawa Penyakit bagi Manusia

Friday, October 5, 2012 | comments

Keeping animals has become one alternative to relieve stress, even a study found that a pet can reduce the risk of stroke. Nevertheless there are some animals that just makes you sick.

Here are 10 Animal Disease Carrier : 

1. Monkey
Monkeys can carry Herpes B virus that can be transmitted through saliva and can be potentially deadly. "Herpes B can cause encephalitis, which is swelling of the brain. Virus is present in saliva and can enter the human brain," said Dr. William Schaffner, professor and chair of the Department of Preventive Medicine at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tenn..

2. Bats
Although humans rarely see a bat, but these nocturnal animals can also cause serious illness. "Bats can transmit rabies to humans. Was pretty high on the list of serious disease spread through contact with the animal," said Schaffner.

The rabies virus is more often spread through contact with infected animals such as coyotes, foxes, raccoons, dogs and the occasional cat.

Rabies affects the central nervous system and can cause confusion, hallucinations, partial paralysis and difficulty swallowing. If left untreated, is usually fatal within a few days after symptoms appear.

3. Wild Rabbits
While wild rabbits may seem cute and funny to be maintained, this carrot-eating animals can spread tularemia, which is a disease that can cause serious breathing problems. Tularemia is also known as rabbit fever.
Symptoms such as sudden fever, chills, joint pain and progressive weakness. Infected people can also develop pneumonia and chest pain and difficulty breathing.

4. Bird
Birds can transmit a number of diseases. Among them is the bird flu, a disease that received international attention back in the 1990s. Bird flu caused by the H5N1 virus, which can be contracted by handling infected birds. Since 1997, more than 120 million birds worldwide have died from the flu or after being destroyed to prevent the spread of the disease. H5N1 is deadly to humans.

Other diseases are spread by birds parrot fever or psittacosis. Parrot fever can spread when you breathe in the dried feces of infected aerosols from infected birds. Symptoms such as fever, chills, headache, and in some cases can cause pneumonia.

5. Mouse and Rats
Many historians believe that the rat is the cause of the Black Death and is also known to carry other harmful microorganisms. Among them is a rat bite fever, a disease that can be caused by two different bacteria. Humans can be infected with this disease may consume contaminated food or water or by being bitten by rats. Symptoms vary depending on the type of disease.

Rats can also spread leptospirosis, a serious bacterial disease that can cause kidney damage and meningitis. Mice also can transmit salmonella and giardia, which can cause gastrointestinal illness.

6. Reptile
Reptiles such as turtles dangerous because these animals naturally carry salmonella on their skin. Children are especially vulnerable to salmonella infection caused by reptiles. CDC estimates that about 74,000 people suffer from related diseases of the reptile-related salmonella.

7. Cows
Cows can deploy three major diseases, which are associated with salmonella infection, infection of E. coli and bovine encephalitis. Encephalitis cow or Mad Cow Disease (mad cow disease) causes degenerative brain disease in cattle. It can spread to humans consume part of the brain or spinal cord of infected cows. This can cause Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease, a degenerative brain disease and deadly in humans.

8. Dogs
Man's best friend can also be the worst enemy when the spread of disease. Besides sometimes spreading rabies, dogs can transmit parasites such as hookworm and roundworm.
Dogs can also be another port of disease-causing organisms.

Dog ticks can carry the bacteria that causes Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, which can be fatal if untreated.

9. Cats
Even though it looks cute and adorable, cats can also spread the disease in humans. 50 to 90 percent of cat bites can get you infected. On rare occasions, cat bites can cause bone infections or encephalitis.

Cats also can spread rabies and tularemia and toxoplasmosis. The bacteria that cause tularemia and the parasite that causes toxoplasmosis is usually carried by other animals, but cats that are outdoors or contact with other animals can spread the disease to humans.

People who suffer from toxoplasmosis is usually due to contact with contaminated cat feces or eating contaminated food or water. Toxoplasmosis can cause severe damage to the brain, eyes or other organs.

10. Pigs
The results of this study were published in 1986, the Annual World Trial on Tools Digestive Diseases, held in Sao Paulo. Swine many contain parasites, bacteria, viruses and even dangerous, so it is said as a disease reservoir. Because of swine, avian influenza virus so virulent.

Pork is the meat that is very hard dihadam karana much fat. Although soft and looks so delicious and Laziz, but hard dihadam pork. Proverbial toxins, such as cholesterol! In addition, pork causes many diseases.

Now we know that many animals near us that can transmit diseases serious enough for us, so we should be more careful to make friends with the animals around us to avoid contracting the disease.

~ Minna ~ 
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